Initial summary of Hellerman’s class, Church as Family:

As Israel moved from Sinai to the Maccabean period, the boundary markers identifying the people of God became increasingly narrow. These boundary markers—circumcision, food, times, and places—became more narrowly defined. The ministry of Jesus, the incarnate Son of God, challenged these narrow boundaries. This challenge brought conflict with the keepers of the boundaries. The coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost (an event parallel to the giving of the Law at Sinai) completed the transition from physical boundaries of Torah to the spiritual boundaries of the Spirit. These boundary markers—love, moral purity, trans-ethnicity, and family solidarity—became increasingly expansive.

1) Our mutual belonging runs much deeper than our common practices.
2) Cultural translation is not and must not be cultural compromise.